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Oracle 11g升级PSU详细步骤

Oracle 每个季度都会发布最新的补丁。对于生产运维人员来说,定期升级系统、打补丁是日常工作中不可缺少的部分。

 相对于过去的版本,Oracle打补丁的方式已经变得比较简单,处理PSU的方法也发生了一些变化。在11g中,对于一些小bug的修复,我们可以使用OPatch工具进行补丁修复。对于大的版本升级,Oracle的PSU实际上就是一系列全新的安装文件,从MOS上下载之后就可以直接进行安装。

1、关闭数据库

Oracle的PSU升级不更新数据字典,风险较小,但是还是需要停库进行升级操作。

SQL> shutdown immediate

Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
停止监听服务。
[[email protected] 20299015]$ lsnrctl stop
检查服务进程
[[email protected] 20299015]$  ps aux | grep ora_
oracle    6922  0.0  0.0  5700  796 pts/3    S+  17:48  0:00 grep ora_
[[email protected] 20299015]$  ps aux | grep tns
oracle    6924  0.0  0.0  5704  796 pts/3    S+  17:48  0:00 grep tns

2、检查opatch版本信息,需要的话进行升级

 

[[email protected] OPatch]$ ./opatch version
OPatch Version: 11.2.0.1.7
OPatch succeeded.

检查发现opatch版本较低,为默认版本,所以需要升级opatch。升级方法很简单,直接mv掉原来的opatch目录,然后解压最新版本的opatch软件到ORACLE_HOME下面即可

[[email protected] OPatch]$ unzip p6880880_112000_Linux-x86-64-opatch .zip  -d $ORACLE_HOME

再次检查版本,发现已经升级成功。
[[email protected] OPatch]$  ./opatch version
OPatch Version: 11.2.0.3.6
OPatch succeeded.

3、应用PSU补丁

 

1)插曲一、安装程序错误

[[email protected] OPatch]$ ./opatch apply ./20299015/
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.6
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home      : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
  from          : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 11.2.0.3.6
OUI version      : 11.2.0.4.0
Log file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks…
Prerequisite check “CheckPatchApplicableOnCurrentPlatform” failed.
The details are:
Patch ( 20299015 ) is not applicable>UtilSession failed: Prerequisite check “CheckActiveFilesAndExecutables” failed.
Log file location: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log
OPatch failed with error code 73

不使用自动模式,手工运行,一样报错:

[[email protected] 20299015]$ /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/OPatch/opatch napply -skip_subset -skip_duplicate
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.6
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home      : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
  from          : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 11.2.0.3.6
OUI version      : 11.2.0.4.0
Log file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks…
Prerequisite check “CheckPatchApplicableOnCurrentPlatform” failed.
The details are:
Patch ( 20299015 ) is not applicable>UtilSession failed: Prerequisite check “CheckActiveFilesAndExecutables” failed.
Log file location: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log
OPatch failed with error code 73

 

上网baidu,“ UtilSession failed: Prerequisite check “CheckActiveFilesAndExecutables” failed”, 很快就查到解决办法,明确了其实就是因为有用户进程占用了文件libclntsh.so.11

[[email protected] 20299015]$  /sbin/fuser /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libclntsh.so.11 .1
/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libclntsh.so.11.1:  16470m
[[email protected] 20299015]$  ps -ef | grep 16470
oracle    16470 5399  0 14:45 pts/2    00:00:00 sqlplus  as sysdba
oracle    7780  6617  0 18:47 pts/3    00:00:00 grep 16470
[[email protected] 20299015]$  kill -9  16470
[[email protected] 20299015]$  /sbin/fuser /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libclntsh.so.11.1

3)再次重新应用PSU补丁,成功

[[email protected] 20299015]$ /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/OPatch/opatch napply -skip_subset -skip_duplicate
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.6
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home      : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
  from          : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 11.2.0.3.6
OUI version      : 11.2.0.4.0
Log file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks…
OPatch continues with these patches:  [17811429 17811438 17811447 18203835 18203837 18203838 19463893 19544839 19584068 19972564 19972566 19972568 19972569 20142975 20299015 20506699 20506715 20631274]

Do you want to proceed? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
All checks passed.
Provide your email address to be informed of security issues, install and
initiate Oracle Configuration Manager. Easier for you if you use your My
Oracle Support Email address/User Name.
Visit http://www.oracle.com/support/policies.html for details.
Email address/User Name:

You have not provided an email address for notification of security issues.
Do you wish to remain uninformed of security issues ([Y]es, [N]o) [N]:  y

OPatch Session completed with warnings.
 Log file location: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_10-45-03AM_1.log

OPatch completed with warnings.

 

 

 

 

4、检查应用之后的结果

[[email protected] 20299015]$ ../opatch lspatches
 20631274;
 20506715;
 20506699;
 20299015;
 20142975;
 19972569;
 19972568;
 19972566;
 19972564;
 19584068;
 19544839;
 19463893;
 18203838;
 18203837;
 18203835;
 17811447;
 17811438;
 17811429;

[[email protected] 20299015]$ ../opatch lsinventory
 Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.6
 Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

 Oracle Home      : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
 Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
    from          : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
 OPatch version    : 11.2.0.3.6
 OUI version      : 11.2.0.4.0
 Log file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2015-05-14_11-04-15AM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2015-05-14_11-04-15AM.txt

——————————————————————————–
 Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Database 11g                                                  11.2.0.4.0
 There are 1 product(s) installed in this Oracle Home.

 Interim patches (18) :

Patch  20631274    : applied on Wed May 13 17:11:06 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18695736
    Created on 13 Mar 2015, 10:25:35 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      20296213, 17600719, 19458377, 19554106, 20631274, 16524926, 19466309

Patch  20506715    : applied on Wed May 13 17:11:02 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18695736
    Created on 13 Mar 2015, 10:23:10 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19049453, 19915271, 16450169, 17006570, 17811456, 18554871, 17786278
      18096714, 18744139, 20506715, 18061914

Patch  20506699    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:57 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18695736
    Created on 13 Mar 2015, 11:23:48 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      20506699, 19358317, 19197175, 19972570, 17762296

Patch  20299015    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:54 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18695736
    Created on 13 Mar 2015, 10:28:05 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      20299015, 18139690, 18681862, 17343514, 19727057, 19271443, 19854503, 17551709

Patch  20142975    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:53 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18406185
    Created on 22 Dec 2014, 00:47:05 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19827973, 19463897, 19289642, 20142975

Patch  19972569    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:51 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18406185
    Created on 22 Dec 2014, 00:21:09 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19972569, 19006849

Patch  19972568    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:50 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18406185
    Created on 22 Dec 2014, 00:13:36 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19972568, 19309466

Patch  19972566    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:48 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18406185
    Created on 22 Dec 2014, 00:03:20 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19972566, 18641461, 18641451

Patch  19972564    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:45 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18406185
    Created on 21 Dec 2014, 23:54:58 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19972564, 18436647

Patch  19584068    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:43 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18084194
    Created on 24 Sep 2014, 07:43:52 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      18262334, 19584068

Patch  19544839    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:40 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18084194
    Created on 11 Oct 2014, 01:43:34 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      18673325, 19544839, 19211724, 18673304

Patch  19463893    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:26 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  18084194
    Created on 24 Sep 2014, 06:28:06 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      19463893, 18641419

Patch  18203838    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:24 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17351342
    Created on 26 Feb 2014, 23:57:58 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17865671, 18203838

Patch  18203837    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:21 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17351342
    Created on 26 Feb 2014, 23:48:38 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17716305, 18203837

Patch  18203835    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:19 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17351342
    Created on 26 Feb 2014, 23:43:04 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17721717, 18203835

Patch  17811447    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:17 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17066906
    Created on 11 Dec 2013, 02:20:51 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17811447, 17088068

Patch  17811438    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:15 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17066906
    Created on 11 Dec 2013, 02:37:11 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17811438, 16721594

Patch  17811429    : applied on Wed May 13 17:10:13 CST 2015
 Unique Patch ID:  17066906
    Created on 11 Dec 2013, 02:36:54 hrs PST8PDT
    Bugs fixed:
      17811429, 13944971

 

——————————————————————————–

OPatch succeeded.

SQL> select * from dba_registry_history;

ACTION_TIME                    ACTION  NAMESPAC VERSION            ID BUNDL COMMENTS
 —————————— ——– ——– ———- ———- —– ——————–
 05-MAY-15 09.24.08.184589 AM  APPLY    SERVER  11.2.0.4            0 PSU  Patchset 11.2.0.2.0
 13-MAY-15 05.17.48.578053 PM  APPLY    SERVER  11.2.0.4            6 CPU  CPUApr2015

2 rows selected.

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