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Ubuntu 16.04上安装SkyEye及测试

2016年08月03日 Linux 教程 暂无评论 阅读 885 次

说明一下,在Ubuntu 16.04上安装SkyEye方法参考自互联网,仅供学习。

一、检查支持软件包

gcc,
make,
vim(optional),
ssh,
subversion
binutils-dev (bfd)
atk-dev (libatk1.0-dev)
gtk+-2.0-dev (libgtk2.0-dev)
pkg-config
pango-dev (libpango1.0-dev)
freetype2-dev (libfreetype6-dev)
glib-dev (libglib2.0-dev)
x11-dev (libx11-dev)

建议您在终端里输入sudo apt-get install 软件包 来逐个检查,例如sudo apt-get install libx11-dev用来检x11-dev是否安装。我用Ubuntu16.04系统直接运行sudo apt-get install skyeye可以安装成功,安装的过程中如果系统提示缺少包,再按提示安装即可。

二、安装skyeye

1、建议在终端里输入sudo apt-get install skyeye来安装,这种方式安装默认安装的版本为1.2.5,。

2、也可以下载源码包进行编译安装,源码安装方法如下:

(1)、下载源码包skyeye-1.2.5_REL.tar.gz

(2)、解压源码包:

tar -zxvf skyeye-1.2.5_REL.tar.gz

(3)、输入命令开始编译:

./configure

make NO_DBCT=1 NO_BFD=1

三、检查skyeye安装是否正确

在终端中输入skyeye并回车,如果出现下面信息,说明安装正确。

**************************** WARNING **********************************
If you want to run ELF image, you should use -e option to indicate
your elf-format image filename. Or you only want to run binary image,
you need to set the filename of the image and its entry in nf.
***********************************************************************

Your elf file is little endian.
Failed to open skyeye config file nf in the same directory
error: No such file or directory
SkyEye 1.2.5
Bug report: [email protected]
Usage: skyeye [options] -e program [program args]
Default mode is STANDALONE mode
------------------------------------------------------------------
Options:
-e exec-file        the (ELF executable format)kernel file name.
-l load_address,load_address_mask
                    Load ELF file to another address, not its entry.
-b                  specify the data type is big endian when non "-e" option.
-d                  in GDB Server mode (can be connected by GDB).
-c config-file      the skyeye configure file name.
-h                  The SkyEye command options, and ARCHs and CPUs simulated.
------------------------------------------------------------------
----------- Architectures and CPUs simulated by SkyEye-------------
-------- ARM architectures ---------
at91
lpc
s3c4510b
s3c44b0x
s3c44b0
s3c3410x
ep7312
lh79520
ep9312
cs89712
sa1100
pxa_lubbock
pxa_mainstone
at91rm92
s3c2410x
s3c2440
sharp_lh7a400
ns9750
-------- BlackFin architectures ----
bf533
bf537

如果没有出现上面信息,而是出现:

skyeye: error while loading shared libraries: libbfd-2.19.90.20090909.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

解决方法:在Ubuntu 16.04中libbfd版本是libbfd-2.20.1-system.20100303.so,而需要的是libbfd- 2.19.90.20090909.so,手动创建符号链接即可,在终端中输入如下命令:sudo ln -s /usr/lib/libbfd-2.20.1-system.20100303.so /usr/lib/libbfd-2.19.90.20090909.so并回车,OK!在在终端中执行skyeye命令,会打印出正确信息。

4.测试

下载skyeye-testsuite-1.2.5,用tar jxvf解压,在终端中进入skyeye-testsuite-1.2.5/uClinux/at91/uclinux_cs8900a,执行以下命 令:sudo skyeye -e linux,会打印出如下信息:

Your elf file is little endian.
arch: arm
cpu info: armv3, arm7tdmi, 41007700, fff8ff00, 0
mach info: name at91, mach_init addr 0x80605a0
ethmod num=1, mac addr=0:0:0:0:0:0, hostip=10.0.0.1
uart_mod:0, desc_in:, desc_out:, converter:
SKYEYE: use arm7100 mmu ops
Loaded ROM  ./romfs.img
exec file "linux"'s format is elf32-little.
load section .init: addr = 0x01000000 size = 0x0000a000.
load section .text: addr = 0x0100a000 size = 0x000e1cd0.
load section .data: addr = 0x010ec000 size = 0x0000a434.
not load section .bss: addr = 0x010f6440 size = 0x000222c0 .
call ARMul_InitSymTable,kernel filename is linux.
start addr is set to 0x01000000 by exec file.
Linux version 2.4.27-uc1 ([email protected]) (gcc version 2.95.3 20010315 (release)(ColdFire patches - 20010318 from )(uClinux XIP and shared lib patches from )) #3 Tue Aug 9 18:57:29 CST 2005
Processor: Atmel AT91M40xxx revision 0
Architecture: EB01
On node 0 totalpages: 1024
zone(0): 0 pages.
zone(1): 1024 pages.
zone(2): 0 pages.
Kernel command line: root=/dev/rom0
Calibrating delay loop... 15.82 BogoMIPS
Memory: 4MB = 4MB total
Memory: 2916KB available (903K code, 178K data, 40K init)
Dentry cache hash table entries: 512 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
Inode cache hash table entries: 512 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
Mount cache hash table entries: 512 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
Buffer cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
Page-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.4
Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
Initializing RT netlink socket
Starting kswapd
Atmel USART driver version 0.99
ttyS0 at 0xfffd0000 (irq = 2) is a builtin Atmel APB USART
ttyS1 at 0xfffcc000 (irq = 3) is a builtin Atmel APB USART
Blkmem copyright 1998,1999 D. Jeff Dionne
Blkmem copyright 1998 Kenneth Albanowski
Blkmem 1 disk images:
0: 1400000-1512BFF [VIRTUAL 1400000-1512BFF] (RO)
RAMDISK driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 4096K size 1024 blocksize
Cirrus Logic CS8900A driver for Linux (V0.02)
eth0: CS8900A rev D detected
NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP
IP: routing cache hash table of 512 buckets, 4Kbytes
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 512 bind 512)
NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0/SMP for Linux NET4.0.
VFS: Mounted root (romfs filesystem) readonly.
Shell invoked to run file: /etc/rc
Command: hostname GDB-ARMulator
Command: /bin/expand /etc/ramfs.img /dev/ram0
Command: mount -t proc proc /proc
mount: /etc/mtab: Read-only file system
Command: mount -t ext2 /dev/ram0 /var
mount: /etc/mtab: Read-only file system
Command: mkdir /var/tmp
Command: mkdir /var/log
Command: mkdir /var/run
Command: mkdir /var/lock
Command: mkdir /var/empty
Command: cat /etc/motd
Welcome to

      ____ _ _
    / __| ||_|               
    _  _| | | | _ ____ _  _ _ _
  | | | | | | || | _ \| | | |\ \/ /
  | |_| | |__| || | | | | |_| |/    \
  | ___\____|_||_|_| |_|\____|\_/\_/
  | |
  |_|

GDB/ARMulator support by <>
For further information check:

Command: /bin/ifconfig eth0 up 10.0.0.2
Execution Finished, Exiting

Sash command shell (version 1.1.1)

而后可以输入一些命令进行测试,例如ls、cd等系统常用命令。

更多Ubuntu相关信息见Ubuntu 专题页面 http:///?tid=2

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