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Oracle本地分区索引跨分区对成本的影响

2016年08月10日 Linux 数据库 暂无评论 阅读 436 次

分区索引分为本地索引和全局索引,但对于在分区表上建索引,一般用的比较多的还是普通索引和本地分区索引,而全局分区索引相对用的比较少.
以下测试为验证:分区表上的本地分区索引因为查询条件引起跨分区,是否改为普通索引更合适.

以下测试:
Oracle version:11.2.0.4

建测试表:
drop table SCOTT.TB_TEST01;
create table SCOTT.TB_TEST01
partition by range (CREATED)
(
  partition P_2015 values less than (TO_DATE(' 2016-01-01 00:00:00', 'SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS')),
  partition P_2016 values less than (TO_DATE(' 2017-01-01 00:00:00', 'SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS')),
  partition P_MAX values less than (MAXVALUE)
)
as
select * from dba_objects;
##插入测试数据
insert into SCOTT.TB_TEST01
select * from SCOTT.TB_TEST01;
commit;
insert into SCOTT.TB_TEST01
select * from SCOTT.TB_TEST01;
commit;
insert into SCOTT.TB_TEST01
select * from SCOTT.TB_TEST01;
commit;
insert into SCOTT.TB_TEST01
select * from SCOTT.TB_TEST01;
commit;

#修改测试数据使其均匀分布
alter table SCOTT.TB_TEST01 enable row movement;

update SCOTT.TB_TEST01
set created=to_date('20150101','yyyymmdd')+dbms_random.value(1,1000);
commit;

#收集一下统计信息
begin
  dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(ownname=>'scott',tabname => 'TB_TEST01', cascade=> TRUE );
end;

情况1:过滤条件在全分区
查询语句:
select * from  SCOTT.TB_TEST01 where owner='SCOTT' and object_type='TABLE';

#建普通索引
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type);
#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2208186213

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |  176 | 36432 |
19  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY GLOBAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |  176 | 36432 |
19  (0)| 00:00:01 | ROWID | ROWID |

|*  2 |  INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |  176 |      |
 3  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  2 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE')

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
        141  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      18793  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        644  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
        13  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
        176  rows processed
#上面的测试cost=19,consistent gets=141

#建本地分区索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type) local;

SQL> /
#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2644430318

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |  176 | 36432 |
23  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  PARTITION RANGE ALL              |              |  176 | 36432 |
23  (0)| 00:00:01 |    1 |    3 |

|  2 |  TABLE ACCESS BY LOCAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |  176 | 36432 |
23  (0)| 00:00:01 |    1 |    3 |

|*  3 |    INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |  176 |      |
 7  (0)| 00:00:01 |    1 |    3 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  3 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE')

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
        147  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      11678  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        644  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
        13  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
        176  rows processed

#上面的测试cost=23,consistent gets=147
小结:
1.从上面测试可以看出,本地分区索引成本大于普通索引.因为此时用本地分区索引是需要PARTITION RANGE ALL的.
2.查询语句中的两个过滤条件都是等值的,在建这种复合索引时,索引列的顺序跟成本没有关系.这里没有测试,有兴趣可以测试。

情况2:过滤条件在单分区
查询语句:
select * from  SCOTT.TB_TEST01
where owner='SCOTT' and object_type='TABLE' and created between to_date('20161230','yyyymmdd') and to_date('20160105','yyyymmdd');

#建一个差的索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(created,owner,object_type);

SQL> select * from  SCOTT.TB_TEST01
where owner='SCOTT' and object_type='TABLE' and created between to_date('20161230','yyyymmdd') and to_date('20160105','yyyymmdd');

#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 783220382

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |    1 |  207 |  2
34  (0)| 00:00:03 |      |      |

|  1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY GLOBAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |    1 |  207 |  2
34  (0)| 00:00:03 |    2 |    2 |

|*  2 |  INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |    1 |      |  2
33  (0)| 00:00:03 |      |      |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  2 - access("CREATED">=TO_DATE(' 2016-06-11 00:00:00', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss
') AND "OWNER"='SCOTT' AND

              "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE' AND "CREATED"<=TO_DATE(' 2016-07-11 00:00:00
', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'))

      filter("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE')

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
        226  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      1932  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          4  rows processed

#上面的测试cost=234,consistent gets=226

#建普通索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type,created);

SQL> /

#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 783220382

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |    4 |  828 |
14  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY GLOBAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |    4 |  828 |
14  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    2 |

|*  2 |  INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |    4 |      |
 3  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  2 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE' AND "CREATED">=TO_DATE('
 2016-06-11 00:00:00',

              'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND "CREATED"<=TO_DATE(' 2016-07-11 00:0
0:00', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'))

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
          9  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      1932  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          4  rows processed
#上面的测试cost=14,consistent gets=9

#建本地分区索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type,created) local ;

SQL> /

#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2387350646

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |    4 |  828 |
11  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  PARTITION RANGE SINGLE            |              |    4 |  828 |
11  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    2 |

|  2 |  TABLE ACCESS BY LOCAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |    4 |  828 |
11  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    2 |

|*  3 |    INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |    4 |      |
 7  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    2 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  3 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE' AND "CREATED">=TO_DATE('
 2016-06-11 00:00:00',

              'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND "CREATED"<=TO_DATE(' 2016-07-11 00:0
0:00', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'))

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
          8  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      1872  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          4  rows processed

#上面的测试cost=11,consistent gets=8

小结:
1.建的第一个差索引,之所以差,是因为created字段是一个区间值,此时access只能对应created字段,而owner字段和object_type都是通过filter过滤的.所以过滤条件是区间和要放后面.
2.从上面测试可以看出,本地分区索引成本小于普通索引.此时本地分区索引使用PARTITION RANGE SINGLE.

情况3:过滤条件在跨分区
查询语句:
select * from  SCOTT.TB_TEST01
where owner='SCOTT' and object_type='TABLE' and created between to_date('20161220','yyyymmdd') and to_date('20170205','yyyymmdd');

#建普通索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type,created);

SQL> select * from  SCOTT.TB_TEST01
where owner='SCOTT' and object_type='TABLE' and created between to_date('20161220','yyyymmdd') and to_date('20170205','yyyymmdd');

#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2208186213

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |    1 |    98 |
 5  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY GLOBAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |    1 |    98 |
 5  (0)| 00:00:01 | ROWID | ROWID |

|*  2 |  INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |    1 |      |
 3  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  2 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE' AND "CREATED">=TO_DATE('
 2016-12-20 00:00:00',

              'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND "CREATED"<=TO_DATE(' 2017-02-05 00:0
0:00', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'))

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
          7  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      1836  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          3  rows processed

#上面的测试cost=5,consistent gets=7         
         
#建本地分区索引
drop index scott.idx_TB_TEST01;
create index scott.idx_TB_TEST01 on SCOTT.TB_TEST01(owner,object_type,created) local ;

SQL> /

#执行计划
Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 353906606

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                          | Name          | Rows  | Bytes | Cos
t (%CPU)| Time    | Pstart| Pstop |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT                  |              |    1 |    98 |
 7  (0)| 00:00:01 |      |      |

|  1 |  PARTITION RANGE ITERATOR          |              |    1 |    98 |
 7  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    3 |

|  2 |  TABLE ACCESS BY LOCAL INDEX ROWID| TB_TEST01    |    1 |    98 |
 7  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    3 |

|*  3 |    INDEX RANGE SCAN                | IDX_TB_TEST01 |    1 |      |
 5  (0)| 00:00:01 |    2 |    3 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

  3 - access("OWNER"='SCOTT' AND "OBJECT_TYPE"='TABLE' AND "CREATED">=TO_DATE('
 2016-12-20 00:00:00',

              'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') AND "CREATED"<=TO_DATE(' 2017-02-05 00:0
0:00', 'syyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'))

#统计信息
Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
        10  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
      1803  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          3  rows processed

#上面的测试cost=7,consistent gets=10

小结:
1.从上面测试可以看出,本地分区索引成本大于普通索引.因为此时用本地分区索引是需要PARTITION RANGE ITERATOR的.

总结:
1.在选择普通索引和本地分区索引时,分区的跨度影响索引的选择,但相对于其它因素,这个影响还是很小的.如果考虑到将来分区归档的维护,本地分区索引还是有优势的.最重要的是索引列的选择,索引列顺序的选择才是最重要的.
2.查询语句中的两个过滤条件都是等值的,在建这种复合索引时,索引列的顺序跟成本没有关系.这里没有测试,有兴趣可以测试。
3.查询语句中的过滤条件是区间的,要放在等值的后面.

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http:///?tid=12

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