Redis3.0.7集群部署完整版

摘要

Redis集群没有出来前,一直使用Codis集群,现在部署Redis集群看看效果如何。 一,架构 CentOS […]

Redis集群没有出来前,一直使用Codis集群,现在部署Redis集群看看效果如何。

一,架构

CentOS6.5 64位

redis1 redis1:6379主 redis3:6380从

redis2 redis2:6379主 redis1:6380从

redis3 redis3:6379主 redis2:6380从

二,部署Redis实例

1,安装依赖

yum -y install tcl-devel

2,下载

wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.0.7.tar.gz

3,编译

cd /usr/local/src/

tar zxvf redis-3.0.7.tar.gz

cd redis-3.0.7

make

4,测试

make test

5,安装二进制程序到/usr/local/bin/目录

make install

ls /usr/local/bin/ -lh

6,安装服务

sh ./utils/install_server.sh

Welcome to the redis service installer

This script will help you easily set up a running redis server

Please select the redis port for this instance: [6379]

Selecting default: 6379

Please select the redis config file name [/etc/redis/6379.conf]

Selected default - /etc/redis/6379.conf

Please select the redis log file name [/var/log/redis_6379.log] /data/redis/redis_6379.log

Please select the data directory for this instance [/var/lib/redis/6379] /data/redis/6379

Please select the redis executable path [/usr/local/bin/redis-server]

Selected config:

Port          : 6379

Config file    : /etc/redis/6379.conf

Log file      : /data/redis/redis_6379.log

Data dir      : /data/redis/6379

Executable    : /usr/local/bin/redis-server

Cli Executable : /usr/local/bin/redis-cli

Is this ok? Then press ENTER to go on or Ctrl-C to abort.

Copied /tmp/6379.conf => /etc/init.d/redis_6379

Installing service...

Successfully added to chkconfig!

Successfully added to runlevels 345!

Starting Redis server...

Installation successful!

7,验证服务

/etc/init.d/redis_6379 status

8,其他节点类似安装

三,部署Cluster环境

1,集群主从节点关系

redis1 redis1:6379主 redis3:6380从

redis2 redis2:6379主 redis1:6380从

redis3 redis3:6379主 redis2:6380从

2,集群环境准备

这是源码安装

tar -xf ruby-2.2.3.tar.gz

cd ruby-2.2.3

./configure --disable-install-rdoc

make && make install

/usr/local/bin/ruby

/usr/local/bin/gem

YUM安装

yum install ruby ruby-devel rubygems

设置ruby gem源为淘宝,安装gems更快。

# gem sources --add https://ruby.taobao.org/ --remove https://rubygems.org/   

查看gem源

# gem sources -l 

安装ruby的redis模块(依赖接口)

# gem install redis(注意这地方要选定版本排错时会提到)

3,配置文件(其他实例相应修改端口)

cat /etc/redis/6379.conf |grep -Ev "^#|^$"

daemonize yes

pidfile /var/run/redis_6379.pid

port 6379

timeout 0

logfile /data/redis/redis_6379.log

dbfilename dump.rdb

dir /data/redis/6379

appendonly no

appendfilename "appendonly.aof"

appendfsync everysec

取消如下注释,让Redis在集群模式下运行

cluster-enabled yes 启动cluster模式

cluster-config-file nodes-6379.conf 集群信息文件名,由redis自己维护

cluster-node-timeout 5000 5秒中联系不到对方node,即认为对方有故障可能

4,重启redis (其他实例相应修改端口)

/etc/init.d/redis_6379 restart

会在/data/redis/6379/下面多出一个文件nodes-6379.conf

5,利用脚本工具建立集群

首先查看帮助看redis-trib脚本功能

注意编译安装时redis-trib.rb没有复制过来

cp ./src/redis-trib.rb /usr/local/bin/

ruby redis-trib.rb help

create:创建集群

check:检查集群

info:查看集群信息

fix:修复集群

reshard:在线迁移slot

rebalance:平衡集群节点slot数量

add-node:将新节点加入集群

del-node:从集群中删除节点

set-timeout:设置集群节点间心跳连接的超时时间

call:在集群全部节点上执行命令

import:将外部redis数据导入集群

开始创建集群注意前三个为主后三个为从(但是不能指定主从关系,后面可以在Cluster里面操作,目的是主从实例不能在统一节点服务器上), 选项 --replicas 1 表示集群中的每个主节点创建一个从节点。

/usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 192.168.188.18:6379 192.168.188.28:6379 192.168.188.38:6379  192.168.188.18:6380 192.168.188.28:6380 192.168.188.38:6380

>>> Creating cluster

>>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...

Using 3 masters:

192.168.188.38:6379

192.168.188.28:6379

192.168.188.18:6379

Adding replica 192.168.188.28:6380 to 192.168.188.38:6379

Adding replica 192.168.188.38:6380 to 192.168.188.28:6379

Adding replica 192.168.188.18:6380 to 192.168.188.18:6379

M: 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9 192.168.188.18:6379

  slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master

M: 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed 192.168.188.28:6379

  slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master

M: b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318 192.168.188.38:6379

  slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master

S: ee3d5f85034e5a3c9d9369357b545d0a92751728 192.168.188.18:6380

  replicates 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9

S: 10b558217d6618093b87f75a453ca39679bbcdf4 192.168.188.28:6380

  replicates b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318

S: 5dc55e90d3d3b56502a319ec9845e901102cfa6c 192.168.188.38:6380

  replicates 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed

Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes

>>> Nodes configuration updated

>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node

>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster

Waiting for the cluster to join......

>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.188.18:6379)

M: 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9 192.168.188.18:6379

  slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master

M: 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed 192.168.188.28:6379

  slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master

M: b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318 192.168.188.38:6379

  slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master

M: ee3d5f85034e5a3c9d9369357b545d0a92751728 192.168.188.18:6380

  slots: (0 slots) master

  replicates 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9

M: 10b558217d6618093b87f75a453ca39679bbcdf4 192.168.188.28:6380

  slots: (0 slots) master

  replicates b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318

M: 5dc55e90d3d3b56502a319ec9845e901102cfa6c 192.168.188.38:6380

  slots: (0 slots) master

  replicates 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed

[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.

>>> Check for open slots...

>>> Check slots coverage...

[OK] All 16384 slots covered.

四,测试验证

调整主从状态

登录redis集群:

设置192.168.188.18:6380为192.168.188.28:6379的从

redis-cli -c -p 6380 -h 192.168.188.18

192.168.188.18:6380> cluster replicate 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed

OK

设置192.168.188.38:6380为192.168.188.18:6379的从

redis-cli -c -p 6380 -h 192.168.188.38

192.168.188.38:6380> cluster replicate 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9

OK

最后保存配置到硬盘

192.168.188.38:6380> cluster saveconfig

OK

检查集群状态:

redis-trib.rb check  192.168.188.18:6379

>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 192.168.188.18:6379)

M: 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9 192.168.188.18:6379

  slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master

  1 additional replica(s)

S: 5dc55e90d3d3b56502a319ec9845e901102cfa6c 192.168.188.38:6380

  slots: (0 slots) slave

  replicates 53c202561155d141a8e24d42bb8eb2907998fce9

M: 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed 192.168.188.28:6379

  slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master

  1 additional replica(s)

S: 10b558217d6618093b87f75a453ca39679bbcdf4 192.168.188.28:6380

  slots: (0 slots) slave

  replicates b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318

S: ee3d5f85034e5a3c9d9369357b545d0a92751728 192.168.188.18:6380

  slots: (0 slots) slave

  replicates 654c0a7853724fe33683f54e8df665993ea704ed

M: b4cc74e0ac6ec9b634d93e86fdb376b4d89dc318 192.168.188.38:6379

  slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master

  1 additional replica(s)

[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.

>>> Check for open slots...

>>> Check slots coverage...

[OK] All 16384 slots covered.

使用方法

集群 

CLUSTER INFO 打印集群的信息 

CLUSTER NODES 列出集群当前已知的所有节点(node),以及这些节点的相关信息。 

节点 

CLUSTER MEET <ip> <port> 将 ip 和 port 所指定的节点添加到集群当中,让它成为集群的一份子。 

CLUSTER FORGET <node_id> 从集群中移除 node_id 指定的节点。 

CLUSTER REPLICATE <node_id> 将当前节点设置为 node_id 指定的节点的从节点。 

CLUSTER SAVECONFIG 将节点的配置文件保存到硬盘里面。 

槽(slot) 

CLUSTER ADDSLOTS <slot> [slot ...] 将一个或多个槽(slot)指派(assign)给当前节点。 

CLUSTER DELSLOTS <slot> [slot ...] 移除一个或多个槽对当前节点的指派。 

CLUSTER FLUSHSLOTS 移除指派给当前节点的所有槽,让当前节点变成一个没有指派任何槽的节点。 

CLUSTER SETSLOT <slot> NODE <node_id> 将槽 slot 指派给 node_id 指定的节点,如果槽已经指派给另一个节点,那么先让另一个节点删除该槽>,然后再进行指派。 

CLUSTER SETSLOT <slot> MIGRATING <node_id> 将本节点的槽 slot 迁移到 node_id 指定的节点中。 

CLUSTER SETSLOT <slot> IMPORTING <node_id> 从 node_id 指定的节点中导入槽 slot 到本节点。 

CLUSTER SETSLOT <slot> STABLE 取消对槽 slot 的导入(import)或者迁移(migrate)。 

键 

CLUSTER KEYSLOT <key> 计算键 key 应该被放置在哪个槽上。 

CLUSTER COUNTKEYSINSLOT <slot> 返回槽 slot 目前包含的键值对数量。 

CLUSTER GETKEYSINSLOT <slot> <count> 返回 count 个 slot 槽中的键。 

五,排错优化

报错

/usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/redis-3.0.7/lib/redis/client.rb:97:in `call': ERR Slot 16011 is already busy (Redis::CommandError)

from /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/redis-3.0.7/lib/redis.rb:2432:in `method_missing'

from /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/redis-3.0.7/lib/redis.rb:37:in `synchronize'

from /usr/lib/ruby/1.8/monitor.rb:242:in `mon_synchronize'

from /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/redis-3.0.7/lib/redis.rb:37:in `synchronize'

from /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/redis-3.0.7/lib/redis.rb:2431:in `method_missing'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:212:in `flush_node_config'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:775:in `flush_nodes_config'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:774:in `each'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:774:in `flush_nodes_config'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:1295:in `create_cluster_cmd'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:1695:in `send'

from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:1695

处理 

rm -rf /data/redis/6379/nodes-6379.conf

rm -rf /data/redis/6380/nodes-6380.conf

/etc/init.d/redis_6379 restart

/etc/init.d/redis_6380 restart

gem list

gem uninstall redis --version 3.3.2

gem install redis --version 3.0.7

gem list

警告

 WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.

7997:M 08 Dec 15:04:59.760 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.

优化

vm.overcommit_memory = 1

echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled

下面关于Redis的文章您也可能喜欢,不妨参考下:

Ubuntu 14.04下Redis安装及简单测试 http://www.searu.org/2014-05/101544.htm

Redis主从复制基本配置 http://www.searu.org/2015-03/115610.htm

Redis集群明细文档 http://www.searu.org/2013-09/90118.htm

Ubuntu 16.04环境中安装PHP7.0 Redis扩展 http://www.searu.org/2016-09/135631.htm

CentOS 7.0 安装Redis 3.2.1详细过程和使用常见问题 http://www.searu.org/2016-09/135071.htm

Ubuntu 16.04环境中安装PHP7.0 Redis扩展 http://www.searu.org/2016-09/135631.htm

Ubuntu 15.10下Redis集群部署文档 http://www.searu.org/2016-06/132340.htm

Redis实战 中文PDF http://www.searu.org/2016-04/129932.htm

Redis 的详细介绍请点这里
Redis 的下载地址请点这里

avatar

发表评论

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: