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用Dockerfile构建基于Ubuntu的LNMP环境的镜像

本文主要讲述的是如何用Dockerfile构建LNMP环境的镜像,前提默认你已安装好Docker。

一、新建Dockerfile文件

FROM Ubuntu:16.04

MAINTAINER linuxidc "[email protected]"

RUN \
        apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 0xcbcb082a1bb943db && \
        apt-get update && \
        apt-get install -y mariadb-server mariadb-common && \
        apt-get install -y php && \
        apt-get install -y nginx && \
        apt-get install -y vim 



# 配置nginx

Copy ./default /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

# 添加启动脚本
ADD ./start.sh /start.sh
RUN chmod 755 /start.sh


CMD /start.sh && tail -f

# Expose ports.
EXPOSE 3306
EXPOSE 80

start.sh文件
## start nginx
service nginx start
## start mysql
service mysql start

## start php7.0-fpm
service php7.0-fpm start

default文件

# You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
# of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Pitfalls
# http://wiki.nginx.org/QuickStart
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Configuration
#
# Generally, you will want to move this file somewhere, and start with a clean
##
# You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
# of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Pitfalls
# http://wiki.nginx.org/QuickStart
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Configuration
#
# Generally, you will want to move this file somewhere, and start with a clean
# file but keep this around for reference. Or just disable in sites-enabled.
#
# Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.
##

# Default server configuration
#
server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    listen [::]:80 default_server;
    # SSL configuration
    #   
    # listen 443 ssl default_server;
    # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;
    #   
    # Note: You should disable gzip for SSL traffic.
    # See: https://bugs.debian.org/773332
    #   
    # Read up on ssl_ciphers to ensure a secure configuration.
    # See: https://bugs.debian.org/765782
    #   
    # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package
    # Don't use them in a production server!
    #   
    # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;
    root /var/www/html;

    # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
    index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
    server_name _;
    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }
    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        # With php7.0-cgi alone:
#       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        # With php7.0-fpm:
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
    }

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
#       deny all;
#}

}
# Virtual Host configuration for example.com
#
# You can move that to a different file under sites-available/ and symlink that
# to sites-enabled/ to enable it.
#
#server {
#       listen 80;
#       listen [::]:80;
#
#       server_name example.com;
#
#       root /var/www/example.com;
#       index index.html;
#
#       location / {
#               try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
#       }
#}

二、build Dockerfile文件

docker build -t linuxidcll/lnmp:1.0 .

三、运行镜像

docker run -id -p 80:80 -v /var/www/html:/var/www/html linuxidcll/lnmp

四、访问localhost

访问localhost,运行成功,则说明搭建成功。

更多Docker相关教程见以下内容: 

Docker安装应用(CentOS 6.5_x64) http://www.searu.org/2014-07/104595.htm 

Ubuntu 14.04安装Docker  http://www.searu.org/linux/2014-08/105656.htm 

Ubuntu使用VNC运行基于Docker的桌面系统  http://www.searu.org/2015-08/121170.htm 

阿里云CentOS 6.5 模板上安装 Docker http://www.searu.org/2014-11/109107.htm 

Ubuntu 15.04下安装Docker  http://www.searu.org/2015-07/120444.htm 

在Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 (LTS) (64-bit)安装Docker http://www.searu.org/2014-10/108184.htm 

在 Ubuntu 15.04 上如何安装Docker及基本用法 http://www.searu.org/2015-09/122885.htm 

Docker 的详细介绍请点这里
Docker 的下载地址请点这里

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