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PHP源码安装、简单配置、测试及连接数据库

主机环境 RedHat6.5 64位
实验环境 服务端 ip172.25.29.1  php
安装包  php-5.6.20.tar.bz2
        re2c-0.13.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
        libmcrypt-2.5.8-9.el6.x86_64.rpm
        libmcrypt-devel-2.5.8-9.el6.x86_64.rpm
        Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip
1.  安装php
1.解压
[[email protected] mnt# tar jxf php-5.6.20.tar.bz2    #解压
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# rpm -vih libmcrypt-*  #安装libmcrypt库
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum installre2c-0.13.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm –y  #安装re2c
 
2.软件配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc –with-openssl –with-snmp–with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir –with-png-dir–with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext –without-pear –with-gmp–enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap –enable-ftp –enable-sockets–enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql –with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm–with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx –with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install libxml2-devel -y
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum provides */easy.h

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -ylibcurl-devel-7.19.7-37.el6_4.x86_64
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum provides */jpeglib.h
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -ylibjpeg-turbo-devel-1.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum provides */png.h
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -ylibpng-devel-1.2.49-1.el6_2.x86_64
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -y freetype-devel
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum provides */gmp.h
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -y gmp-devel-4.3.1-7.el6_2.2.x86_64
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc –with-openssl–with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir –with-png-dir–with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext –without-pear –with-gmp–enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap –enable-ftp –enable-sockets–enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql –with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm–with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx –with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
如果出现如下错误

[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# yum install -y net-snmp-devel
 
重新配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# ./configure–prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc–with-openssl –with-snmp –with-gd –with-zlib –with-curl –with-libxml-dir–with-png-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-gettext–without-pear –with-gmp –enable-inline-optimization –enable-soap–enable-ftp –enable-sockets –enable-mbstring –with-mysqli –with-mysql–with-pdo-mysql –enable-fpm –with-fpm-user=nginx –with-fpm-group=nginx–with-mcrypt –with-mhash
 
3.编译、链接、安装
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# make #编译
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# make install  #安装
 
2.php的简单配置
[[email protected] php-5.6.20]# cd /usr/local/lnmp/php/etc/
[[email protected] etc]# ls
php-fpm.conf.default
[[email protected] etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf  #备份php的文件
[[email protected] etc]# ls
php-fpm.conf php-fpm.conf.default
[[email protected] etc]# cp /mnt/php-5.6.20/php.ini-production php.ini  #php的配置文件
[[email protected] etc]# ls
php-fpm.conf php-fpm.conf.default  php.ini

如果要连接数据库,就做以下修改
[[email protected] etc]# vim php.ini
925 date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai          #修改时区
1001 pdo_mysql.default_socket=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock  #指定连接数据库的sock文件的路径
1150 mysql.default_socket = /usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock  #同上
1209 mysqli.default_socket =/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock  #同上
[[email protected] etc]# vim php-fpm.conf
25 pid = run/php-fpm.pid          #将pid的标记去掉
 
[[email protected] etc]# cd /mnt/php-5.6.20/sapi/fpm/
[[email protected] fpm]# cp init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm  #添加启动命令
[[email protected] fpm]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm      #添加可执行权限
[[email protected] fpm]# ll /etc/init.d/php-fpm
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2359 Sep 18 00:18 /etc/init.d/php-fpm
[[email protected] fpm]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start        #开启php服务
Starting php-fpm  done
 
[[email protected] fpm]# cd /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/
[[email protected] conf]# vim nginx.conf         
 51            root  html;
 52            index  index.php index.html index.htm;    #在nginx里添加默认访问目录为php优先
 50        location / {
 
 53        }
 
 75        location ~ \.php$ {
 76            root          html;
 77            fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
 78            fastcgi_index  index.php;
 79            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
 80            include        fastcgi.conf;        #设置成已存在的文件
 81        }
 
[[email protected] conf]# nginx –t      #检测
[[email protected] conf]# nginx          #开启
[[email protected] conf]# cd ..
[[email protected] nginx]# cd html
[[email protected] html]# vim index.php      #写一个简单的测试文件
<?php
phpinfo()
?>
[[email protected] html]# /etc/init.d/httpd start      #开启httpd
Starting httpd:                                          [  OK  ]
 
3.测试  172.25.29.1

PHP 7革新与性能优化 http://www.searu.org/2015-09/123136.htm

PHP 7 ,你值得拥有  http://www.searu.org/2015-06/118847.htm 

CentOS 7.x / Fedora 21 上面体验 PHP 7.0  http://www.searu.org/2015-05/117960.htm 

CentOS 6.3 安装LNMP (PHP 5.4,MyySQL5.6) http://www.searu.org/2013-04/82069.htm 

在部署LNMP的时候遇到Nginx启动失败的2个问题 http://www.searu.org/2013-03/81120.htm 

Ubuntu安装Nginx php5-fpm MySQL(LNMP环境搭建) http://www.searu.org/2012-10/72458.htm 

《细说PHP》高清扫描PDF+光盘源码+全套教学视频 http://www.searu.org/2014-03/97536.htm 

CentOS 6中配置PHP的LNMP的开发环境  http://www.searu.org/2013-12/93869.htm 

PHP 的详细介绍请点这里
PHP 的下载地址请点这里

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